Wednesday, May 23, 2007

Wankette 45: Voting Pattern (from LiveScience)

Lawyers get the gold star for heading to the polls while physicians are less likely to vote than teachers and farmers, finds a new study in the US. One out of four doctors reported not voting in the last presidential elections. The finding could indicate a decline in activism among physicians, researchers said.

"Physician voter turnout rates in presidential elections are relatively unimpressive considering that physicians have much at stake personally and professionally," said one of the study's authors, Jennifer Lee of Johns Hopkins Medical School. "If physicians remain silent, an important voice is lost in the political process," Lee said.

Lee and Melissa McCarthy, also of Johns Hopkins Medical School, compared voter turnout for physicians, registered nurses, lawyers, engineers, farmers and ranchers, elementary and secondary school teachers, secretaries and administrative assistants, waiters and waitresses, sales workers, drivers, and construction laborers.

The data came from the November 1996, 2000 and 2004 Current Population Survey (CPS), a nationally representative survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. More than 57 million voters were included in the study.

Lawyers reported the highest voter turnout, with 85 percent of those surveyed voting in the most recent presidential election, while only 35 percent of laborers voted in that election, the lowest turnout of all occupations surveyed.

These findings were consistent with past research showing that socioeconomic factors impact whether a person votes. For instance, the current study revealed that individuals with an advanced academic degree were more than eight times more likely to report voting compared with those without a high-school degree. When the scientists accounted for such demographics as income, education level and marital status, they found that lawyers, teachers and farmers were twice as likely as physicians to vote. And doctors were no better at voting than the remaining occupations.

Why not vote?

What keeps citizens from heading out to the polls? More than 20 percent of the non-voting farmers reported they didn't vote because they were "not interested, felt my vote wouldn't make a difference," and nearly 20 percent said it was because they "didn't like the candidates or campaign issues." About 40 percent of physicians and nurses reported not voting because they were "too busy" and had "conflicting work or school schedule."

Physicians' voting record could reflect a larger trend of political involvement. "We think we're seeing a decline in political activism on the part of physicians," Lee told LiveScience.

Membership in labor unions bumps up voter turnout. Unlike farmers and teachers who have well-organized unions or trade associations, physicians lack a comparable vehicle for electoral mobilization. "In general we think there might be disenchantment or disengagement with the political process," Lee said.

The disengagement could be a result of an overall decline in physicians' professional stature and influence in the healthcare system. In the past, doctors stood on a "pedestal" of political legitimacy and medical admiration. But by the 1990s, the scientists say, public confidence in the medical profession plunged.

"Politicians who once deferred to physicians, now question them and even exclude them from important health care debates," the scientists state in their research paper, which will be published in a May supplement of the journal Academic Emergency Medicine.


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